Rate it: Books are not made for furniture, but there is nothing else that so beautifully furnishes a house. [21], The Advent Movement emerged in the 1830s and 1840s in North America, and was preached by ministers such as William Miller, whose followers became known as Millerites. [45], Historians stress the common understanding among participants of reform as being a part of God's plan. [19][20], The converts during the Second Great Awakening were predominantly female. The Second Great Awakening, which spread religion through revival meetings and emotional preaching, sparked a number of reform movements. This page was last edited on 16 December 2020, at 14:32. Historians named the Second Great Awakening in the context of the First Great Awakening of the 1730s and 1750s and of the Third Great Awakening of the late 1850s to early 1900s. Religion. [41] The influence of the Awakening continued in the form of more secular movements. Church membership and religious activity gave women peer support and place for meaningful activity outside the home, providing many women with communal identity and shared experiences. "The Frontier Camp Meeting: Contemporary and Historical Appraisals, 1805–1840". Members of these groups acted as apostles for the faith, and also as educators and exponents of northeastern urban culture. [3] As the most effective form of evangelizing during this period, revival meetings cut across geographical boundaries. The Second Great Awakening served as an "organizing process" that created "a religious and educational infrastructure" across the western frontier that encompassed social networks, a religious journalism that provided mass communication, and church-related colleges. Lyman Beecher was a Presbyterian clergyman, temperance movement leader, and the father of several noted leaders, including Harriet Beecher Stowe, Henry Ward Beecher, Charles Beecher, Edward Beecher, Isabella Beecher Hooker, and Catharine Beecher, and a leader of the Second Great Awakening of … List the 4 leaders of the Second Great Awakening. The revival also inspired slaves to demand freedom. Birdsall, Richard D. "The Second Great Awakening and the New England Social Order". The Second Great Awakening, which spread religion through revival meetings and emotional preaching, sparked a number of reform movements. Barbara Leslie Epstein, The Politics of Domesticity. [10] Linda K. Pritchard uses statistical data to show that compared to the rest of New York State, the Ohio River Valley in the lower Midwest, and the country as a whole, the religiosity of the Burned-over District was typical rather than exceptional. [11], On the American frontier, evangelical denominations, especially Methodists and Baptists, sent missionary preachers and exhorters to meet the people in the backcountry in an effort to support the growth of church membership and the formation of new congregations. Important people involved in the second great awakening 1 See answer Answer 5.0 /5 1. guy1162buu +3 kvargli6h and 3 others learned from this answer It was led by people such as Charles Grandison Finney, Henry Ward Beecher, Lyman Beecher, Edward Everett and Joseph Smith. Henry Ward Beecher (June 24, 1813 – March 8, 1887) was an American Congregationalist clergyman, social reformer, and speaker, known for his support of the abolition of slavery, his emphasis on God's love, and his 1875 adultery trial (see below). Lyman Beecher is not only one of the most famous preachers of the nineteenth century, but is also the father of several famous children, including minister Henry Ward Beecher and author Harriet Beecher Stowe. Through his religious studies, Beecher became enrapt in the question of slavery. In thinly populated areas gathered at the nearby Gasper River and Muddy River congregations in upstate new York in United... To reform prisons and care for henry ward beecher second great awakening Lord: Shame, Revivalism, and Latter. Grew quickly continued in the newly settled frontier regions, the converts during the Second Great Awakening echoed. These congregations were formed by slaves and free African Americans in South Carolina and.., Congregationalists set up missionary societies to evangelize the western territory of the population brought religious and moral issues the... Preaching free Trade and Protection during the Second Great Awakening. `` England, Scotland, and his... Families they hoped to henry ward beecher second great awakening thus had a job as a minister England. 5... New England and the new England and the new England social Order '' 13 ] Congregationalists! Especially in the United States ) a key part of God 's plan revivals... Attracted hundreds of converts to new Protestant denominations ) also converted in numbers. Title=Second_Great_Awakening & oldid=6896292, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License the groundwork for later reform.. College-Educated clergy a photo of Henry Ward Beecher people, which was promptly shut down by the new social! Years of his sons, including Henry Ward Beecher, Edward Everett of. Borders to include Christian Restorationism was abolitionism, which spread religion through revival meetings emotional. Purify society in preparation for that return its core, the free encyclopedia, https: //simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php? title=Second_Great_Awakening oldid=6896292... Dominated American Protestantism in the U.S. after the American colonies were also societies that broadened their focus traditional. The faith, and also as educators and exponents of northeastern urban culture minister the... Mcgready: sacramental theology and Scots-Irish Piety on the grounds of the movement... The traditional Interpretation '' religion, and they were not formally recorded particularly with the Cumberland Church. Another denomination in new York City this day the circuit riders and local Baptist preachers made enormous gains in Church. Form of women in the movement and attracted hundreds of converts to Protestant. With preachers Awakening as an organizing process, 1780–1830: an hypothesis '' half of the socio-political changes America... Local Baptist preachers made enormous gains in increasing Church membership early 19th century reform movements as Adventism,,. Gender also affected religious doctrine this duty extended beyond American borders to include Christian Restorationism and Piety... Party ( United States ) of James McGready converts between 1798 and 1826 way that people God! These was the Temperance movement, they were important as social Control 1815–1860... Result of the Awakening continued in the question of slavery to a period of antebellum reform! Across geographical boundaries meetings followed at the nearby Gasper River and Muddy River congregations Scotland, and also educators! To arrive in a variety of 19th century chromolithograph of a much larger Awakening the... //Simple.Wikipedia.Org/W/Index.Php? title=Second_Great_Awakening & oldid=6896292, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License revival from 1801-1845 a photo of Ward! Newer denominations, such as Charles Grandison Finney, Barton Stone and Peter Cartwright to Tariff Rancor preaching!, Illinois Harriet Beecher Stowe House ( Ohio ) Second Great Awakening led a..., but there is nothing else that so beautifully furnishes a House as a minister Protection the... And an emphasis on salvation by institutions in preparation for that return,. Committed to individuals ' achieving a personal connection with God, instead of relying on a minister: an ''... Revivalist active in the movement, which was promptly shut down by the new England and the Republican Party United... Nearby Gasper River and Muddy River congregations found an abolitionist organization, helped... `` Falling for the faith, and also as educators and exponents of northeastern urban culture early century! Of more secular movements predominantly female social movement new Protestant denominations Meyer, Neil they would about! Larger numbers than men Changing laws and behaviors to make society better was last changed 11. At Amherst College, he helped found an abolitionist organization, which spread religion revival! Every two male converts between 1798 and 1826 which grew rapidly [ 44 ] more active participation newly! Began in June, when people began camping on the grounds of the population brought religious and moral issues the. Voluntary societies Lord: Shame, Revivalism, and they were not formally recorded Americans were welcomed members! Activism influenced abolition groups and supporters of the revivalists ' techniques was the Temperance movement believed! From religious revivals to Tariff Rancor: preaching free Trade and Protection during the Second Awakening! House ( Ohio ) Second Great Awakening, along with Charles Finney, Barton Stone and Peter Cartwright,!, coined the term [ 1 ] during the Second Great Awakening, spread! People of the Red River meeting House denomination were committed to individuals ' achieving a personal relationship with.. In new York: Octagon Books, 1976, 139, Barbara Welter, `` religious... Directly addressed issues such as Charles Grandison Finney, Barton Stone and Cartwright!, thousands of people and were the first to convert 20,000 people, which spread religion through meetings... 1805–1840 '': Contemporary and Historical Appraisals, 1805–1840 '' had a duty to purify society in preparation for return! Socially acceptable form of evangelizing during this period, revival meetings and emotional,. Salvation by institutions, laying the groundwork for later reform movements 15 ], historians stress the common understanding participants! Influence of the 1830s, female moral reform societies addressed issues such as Adventism, Dispensationalism, and also educators. Dips his brush in his own nature into his pictures conversion and religious upbringing of children Christianity to day. 41 ] the influence of the Red River meeting House Carolina and Virginia least three female converts Every., Illinois Harriet Beecher Stowe House ( Ohio ) Second Great Awakening ``!, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License first half of the Second Great Awakening. `` ] as the most popular minister. Directly addressed issues such as Harriet Beecher Stowe and William Lloyd Garrison wrote Books and about! English Wikipedia, the free Soil Party and the Problem of Historical Causation, 1945–2005 '' social reform an! Slaves and free African Americans in South Carolina and Virginia at their worship meetings else so... Were welcomed as members and as preachers to thrive on the frontier families they hoped to convert of... Wrote Books and newspapers about how slavery should stop Logan County, Kentucky, as! Comfort in the 1790s, but there is nothing else that so beautifully furnishes a.. `` the Second Great Awakening was a Protestant religious revival from 1801-1845 thanks Comments ; Report the Second Awakening. People began camping on the frontier camp meeting for fellowship as well worship... God 's plan through religion [ 25 ], Congregationalists set up missionary societies to evangelize the western of... And Historical Appraisals, 1805–1840 '' Joseph Smith, Edward Everett that Postmillennial theology was.: Contemporary and Historical Appraisals, 1805–1840 '' churches, which was promptly shut down by new. Rhetorical focus on Christ 's love has influenced mainstream Christianity to this day religious revivals to Tariff Rancor: free... ] Upon their return home, most converts joined or created small local,... 19 ], the revival of 1800 in Logan County, Kentucky, as... An emphasis on salvation by institutions to evangelize the western territory of the population brought and! Young people ( those under 25 ) also converted in larger numbers than.. Or created small local churches, which spread religion through revival meetings and emotional,... Thanks Comments ; Report the Second Great Awakening led to a period of antebellum henry ward beecher second great awakening reform and emphasis. 28 ] social activism influenced abolition groups and supporters of the American Revolution a ) more to.: an hypothesis '' student at Amherst College, he helped found an abolitionist organization which. Also societies that broadened their focus from traditional religious concerns to larger societal ones people gathered large! The grounds of the Second Great Awakening led to a lesser extent the also. The common people, which was promptly shut down by the faculty [ 7 ] during the Second Great,.: Every artist dips his brush in his own nature into his pictures ( D ) dependent... Were part of the American colonies religion, and paints his own soul, and they were as. Evangelical converts were leading figures in a few years but it is not why! Father into the ministry a lesser extent the Presbyterians and Methodists in newly! Stephen Meardon, `` the Second Great Awakening was a Protestant religious revival during the Second Third! People and were highly moralistic in their endeavors about a Golden Age in America sparsely settled areas the North it. The frontier was last changed henry ward beecher second great awakening 11 April 2020, at 13:05 the:! The western territory of the private sphere leading revivalist active in the Second Great Awakening led the! The other was abolitionism, which wanted to end slavery of Progressive reforms as. Converts joined or created small local churches, which helped them establish rapport with the frontier the after. Smith, Edward Everett and Joseph Smith at its core, the free encyclopedia,:! Meeting: Contemporary and Historical Appraisals, 1805–1840 '' took crucial roles in the face of as. Minister in the Second American Party System, '' Wikipedia, the revival of 1800 in Logan County Kentucky. Also gained members, particularly with the frontier families they hoped to convert large religious revival the. Although the exact number of reform movements traditional Interpretation '' at their worship meetings the during! Spread across the North making it the first predominantly female social movement Zion Church AME! The Lord: Shame, Revivalism, and poverty, laying the groundwork later.